Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Effective January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, on a modified retrospective basis. The Company recognizes revenue as it satisfies contractual performance obligations by transferring promised goods or services to the customers. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for those promised goods or services A good or service is transferred to a customer when, or as, the customer obtains control of that good or service. All performance obligations of the Company’s contracts with customers are satisfied over the duration of the contract as customer-owned equipment is serviced and then made available for immediate use as completed during the service period. The Company has reviewed its contracts with customers, all of which relate to Pro-Tech, and determined that due to their short-term nature, with durations of several days of service at the customer’s location, it is only those contracts that occur near the end of a financial reporting period that will potentially require allocation to ensure revenue is recognized in the proper period. The Company has reviewed all such transactions and recorded revenue accordingly.
For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, all of the Company’s revenue was recognized from contracts with oilfield operators, and the Company did not recognize impairment losses on any receivables or contract assets.
Because the Company’s contracts have an expected duration of one year or less, the Company has elected the practical expedient in ASC 606-10-50-14(a) to not disclose information about its remaining performance obligations.
Concentration of Credit Risk, Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk primarily consist of cash and cash equivalents placed with high credit quality institutions and accounts receivable due from Pro-Tech’s customers. Management evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable based on a combination of factors. If management becomes aware of a customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations after a sale has occurred, the Company records an allowance to reduce the net receivable to the amount that it reasonably believes to be collectable from the customer. Accounts receivable are written off at the point they are considered uncollectible. Due to historically very low uncollectible balances and no specific indications of current uncollectibility, the Company has not recorded an allowance for doubtful accounts at September 30, 2018. If the financial conditions of Pro-Tech’s customers were to deteriorate or if general economic conditions were to worsen, additional allowances may be required in the future.
As of September 30, 2018, one customer comprised 21%, one customer comprised 19% and a third customer comprised 15% of the Company’s gross accounts receivables.
The Company’s inventory balances are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value on a first-in, first-out basis. See Note 6, Inventory, for further information.
Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, Plant and Equipment is stated at cost. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred and the costs of additions and betterments that increase the useful lives of the assets are capitalized. When property, plant and equipment is disposed of, the cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the condensed consolidated balance sheets and any gain or loss is included in Other income/(expense) in the condensed consolidated statement of operations.
Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets, as follows:
See Note 7, Property, Plant and Equipment, for further information.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
Finite-lived intangible assets are recorded at cost, net of accumulated amortization and, if applicable, impairment charges. Amortization of finite-lived intangible assets is provided over their estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis or the pattern in which economic benefits are consumed, if reliably determinable. The Company reviews its finite-lived intangible assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.
We perform an impairment test of goodwill annually and whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. To date, an impairment of goodwill has not been recorded.
The Company’s Goodwill balance consists of the amount recognized in connection with the acquisition of Pro-Tech. See Note 3, Pro-Tech Acquisition, for further information. The Company’s other intangible assets are comprised of contract-based and marketing-related intangible assets, as well as acquisition-related intangibles. Acquisition-related intangibles include the value of Pro-Tech’s trademark and customer relationships, both of which are being amortized over their expected useful lives of 10 years beginning August 2018.
The Company’s contract-based intangible assets include an agreement to sublicense certain patents belonging to AVV (the “AVV Sublicense”) and a license (the “Trademark License”) to the trademark of Liquidmetal Coatings Enterprises LLC (“Liquidmetal”). The contract-based intangible assets have useful lives of approximately 11 years for the AVV Sublicense and 15 years for the Trademark License. With the initiation of a multi-year strategy plan involving synergies between the acquisition of Pro-Tech and the Company’s existing intellectual property, the Company has begun to use the economic benefits of its intangible assets, and therefore began amortization of its intangible assets on a straight-line basis over the useful lives indicated above beginning July 31, 2018, the effective date of the Pro-Tech acquisition.
See Note 8, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, for further information.
Business combinations are accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting. Under the acquisition method, assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at their respective fair values as of the acquisition date in the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements. The excess of the fair value of consideration transferred over the fair value of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.
The Company from time to time may issue stock options, warrants and restricted stock as compensation to employees, directors, officers and affiliates, as well as to acquire goods or services from third parties. In all cases, the Company calculates share-based compensation using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and expenses awards based on fair value at the grant date on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which in the case of third party suppliers is the shorter of the period over which services are to be received or the vesting period, and for employees, directors, officers and affiliates is typically the vesting period. Share-based compensation is included in general and administrative expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. See Note 11, Share-Based Compensation, for further information.
Recently Issued Accounting Standards
On May 17, 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-09, Scope of Modification Accounting (clarifies Topic 718) Compensation – Stock Compensation, (“ASU 2017-09), which states that an entity must apply modification accounting to changes in the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award unless certain criteria are met. ASU 2017-09 is effective for all entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within those years. The Company adopted ASU 2017-09 on January 1, 2018 with no impact to its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Clarifying the Definition of a Business (“ASU 2017-01”), which clarifies when a set of transferred assets and activities is deemed to be a business. ASU 2017-01 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and shall be applied prospectively. The Company adopted ASU 2017-01 on January 1, 2018 with no impact to its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (“ASU 2016-02”), which amends the guidance for the accounting and disclosure of leases. This new standard requires that lessees recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities that arise from leases, including leases classified as operating leases under current GAAP, and disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements. The new standard requires a modified-retrospective approach to adoption and is effective for interim and annual periods beginning on January 1, 2019, but may be adopted earlier. The Company expects to adopt this standard beginning in the first quarter of 2019. The Company does not expect that this standard will have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2018-07”), which expands the scope of ASC 718 to include all share-based payments arrangements related to the acquisition of goods and services from both employees and nonemployees. For public companies, the amendments are effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than a company’s adoption date of ASC 606. The Company is currently assessing the impact that adopting this new accounting guidance will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef